The Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) has been actively involved in Syria since its accession to the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) in 2013.
OPCW-UN Joint Mission
The OPCW-UN Joint Mission was formally established on 16 October 2013 to oversee the timely elimination of the chemical weapons programme of the Syrian Arab Republic in the safest and most secure manner possible.
OPCW Fact-Finding Mission (FFM)
The OPCW Fact-Finding Mission (FFM) was set up in 2014 to establish facts surrounding allegations of the use of toxic chemicals, reportedly chlorine, for hostile purposes in the Syrian Arab Republic.
Declaration Assessment Team
The Declaration Assessment Team (DAT) was established 2014 to engage the relevant Syrian authorities to resolve the identified gaps and inconsistencies in the Syrian declaration.
OPCW-UN Joint Investigative Mechanism
The OPCW-UN Joint Investigative Mechanism (JIM) was established by the UN Security Council to identify the perpetrators of the chemical weapon attacks confirmed by the Fact Finding Mission.
The JIM presented its reports to the Security Council, and informed the OPCW. The JIM’s mandate expired in November 2017.
In 2018, OPCW Member States tasked the OPCW Secretariat with new responsibilities including investigating and identifying the perpetrators of chemical weapons attacks in Syria. The Secretariat set up an Investigation and Identification Team (IIT) to fulfil this new mandate.
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- OPCW Issues Fact-Finding Mission Report on Chemical Weapons Use Allegation in Douma, Syria, in 2018
- OPCW Spokesperson’s Statement on Allegation of Chemical Weapons Use in Aleppo, Syria on 24 November, 2018
- OPCW Issues Fact-Finding Mission Reports on Chemical Weapons Use Allegations in Douma, Syria in 2018 and in Al-Hamadaniya and Karm Al-Tarrab in 2016
|EC‑83/DEC.5||Decision: OPCW-United Nations Joint Investigative Mechanism Reports on Chemical Weapons Use in the Syrian Arab Republic||11 November 2016|
|EC‑M‑48/DEC.1||Decision: Reports of the OPCW Fact-Finding Mission in Syria||4 February 2015|
|EC‑M‑46/DEC.1||Decision: Combined Plan for Destruction and Verification of the “Al-Maliha” Ricin Production Facility in the Syrian Arab Republic||19 November 2014|
|EC‑M‑42/DEC.1||Decision: Destruction of Syrian Chemical Weapons||17 June 2014|
|EC‑M‑42/DEC.3||Destruction of Twelve Chemical Weapons Production Facilities in the Syrian Arab Republic||17 June 2014|
|EC‑M‑34/DEC.1||Detailed Requirements for the Destruction of Syrian Chemical Weapons and Syrian Chemical Weapons Production Facilities||15 November 2013|
|EC‑M‑33/DEC.1||Destruction of Syrian Chemical Weapons||27 September 2013|
|s/1677/2018||Note by the Technical Secretariat: Summary Update of the Activities Carried out by the OPCW Fact-Finding Mission in Syria||10 October 2018|
|EC‑M‑59/DG.2||Update by the Director-General on the Deployment of the OPCW Fact-Finding Mission to Douma, Syrian Arab Republic, to the Executive Council at its Fifty-Ninth Meeting||18 April 2018|
|S/1497/2017||Status Update of the OPCW Fact-Finding Mission in Syria Regarding a Reported Incident in Khan Shaykhun, 4 April 2017||12 May 2017|
|EC‑88/DG.22/Corr.1||Opening Statement by the Director-General to the Executive Council at its Eighty-Eighth Session - Corrigendum||16 July 2018|
|EC‑88/DG.22||Opening Statement by the Director-General to the Executive Council at its Eighty-Eighth Session||10 July 2018|
|EC‑85/DG.16||First Inspections at the Barzah and Jamrayah Syrian Scientific Studies and Research Centre Facilities in the Syrian Arab Republic in Accordance with Decision EC-83/DEC.5 (dated 11 November 2016)||2 June 2017|
|S/1255/2015*/Add.1||Future Activities of the Fact-Finding Mission - Addendum||13 March 2015|
|S/1255/2015*||Future Activities of the Fact-Finding Mission||10 March 2015|