Fact-Finding Mission

In response to persistent allegations of chemical weapon attacks in Syria, the OPCW Fact Finding Mission (FFM) was set up in 2014 “to establish facts surrounding allegations of the use of toxic chemicals, reportedly chlorine, for hostile purposes in the Syrian Arab Republic”.

The FFM is required to study available information relating to allegations of use of chemical weapons in Syria, including information provided by the Syrian Arab Republic and others. 

Since May 2014, the OPCW has deployed the FFM on numerous occasions to the Syrian Arab Republic and outside of Syria and has kept States Parties informed of its work. The FFM interviews witnesses and obtains samples and physical evidence for analysis. 

In 2015, the OPCW Executive Council and the UN Security Council endorsed the continual operation of the FFM. 

Since its establishment, the FFM has looked into several incidents of allegations of use of chemical weapons in Syria. The FFM has confirmed with “high degree of confidence” that Chlorine and Mustard were used as weapons in Syria. These reports were submitted to States Parties of the CWC and the UN Security Council.

The FFM’s findings were the basis for the work of the OPCW-UN Joint Investigative Mechanism (JIM), an independent body established by the UN Security Council (Resolution 2235, 7 August 2015). The JIM’s purpose was to identify the perpetrators of the chemical weapon attacks confirmed by the Fact Finding Mission. The JIM’s mandate expired in November 2017.

Reports

Document Symbol Title Date
S/1626/2018/Corr.1 Note by the Technical Secretariat: Report of the OPCW Fact-Finding Mission in Syria Regarding an Alleged Incident in Saraqib, Syrian Arab Republic on 4 February 2018 – Corrigendum 18 July 2018
S/1645/2018/Corr.1 Note by the Technical Secretariat: Interim Report of the OPCW Fact-Finding Mission in Syria Regarding the Incident of Alleged Use of Toxic Chemicals as a Weapon in Douma, Syrian Arab Republic, on 7 April 2018 – Corrigendum 10 July 2018
S/1645/2018 Note by the Technical Secretariat: Interim Report on the Progress of the Fact-Finding Mission Regarding an Incident of Alleged Use of Toxic Chemicals as a Weapon in Douma, Syrian Arab Republic, on 7 April 2018 6 July 2018
S/1642/2018 Note by the Technical Secretariat: Report of the OPCW Fact-Finding Mission in Syria Regarding the Incidents in Al-Hamadaniyah on 30 October 2016 and in Karm Al-Tarrab on 13 November 2016 2 July 2018
S/1636/2018 Note by the Technical Secretariat: Report of the OPCW Fact-Finding Mission in Syria Regarding Alleged Incidents in Ltamenah, the Syrian Arab Republic on 24 and 25 March 2017 13 June 2018
S/1626/2018 Note by the Technical Secretariat: Report of the OPCW Fact-Finding Mission in Syria Regarding an Alleged Incident in Saraqib, Syrian Arab Republic on 4 February 2018 15 May 2018
EC‑88/CRP.1 Draft Report of the OPCW on the Implementation of the Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production, Stockpiling and Use of Chemical Weapons and on Their Destruction in 2017 25 April 2018
S/1548/2017 Note by the Technical Secretariat: Report of the OPCW Fact-Finding Mission in Syria Regarding An Alleged Incident in Ltamenah, the Syrian Arab Republic, 30 March 2017 2 November 2017
S/1510/2017 Report of the OPCW Fact-Finding Mission in Syria regarding an alleged incident in Khan Shaykhun, Syrian Arab Republic April 2017 29 June 2017
S/1491/2017 Report of the OPCW Fact-Finding Mission in Syria Regarding the Incident of 16 September 2016 as Reported in the Note Verbale of the Syrian Arab Republic Number 113 dated 29 November 2016 1 May 2017
S/1445/2016 Summary Update of the Activities Carried Out by the OPCW Fact-Finding Mission in Syria in 2016 27 December 2016
S/1444/2016 Note by the Technical Secretariat: Report of the OPCW Fact-Finding Mission in Syria Regarding the Incident of 2 August 2016 as Reported in the Note Verbale of the Syrian Arab Republic Number 69 dated 16 August 2016 21 December 2016
S/1318/2015/Rev.1/Add.1 Note by the Technical Secretariat: Report of the OPCW Fact-Finding Mission in Syria Regarding the Incidents Described in Communications from the Deputy Minister for Foreign Affairs and Expatriates and Head of the National Authority of Syria – Addendum 29 February 2016
S/1318/2015/Rev.1 Note by the Technical Secretariat: Report of the OPCW Fact-Finding Mission in Syria Regarding the Incidents Described in Communications from the Deputy Minister for Foreign Affairs and Expatriates and Head of the National Authority of Syria 17 December 2015
S/1319/2015 Report of the OPCW Fact-Finding Mission in Syria Regarding Alleged Incidents in the Idlib Governorate of the Syrian Arab Republic Between 16 March and 20 May 2015 29 October 2015
S/1320/2015 Report of the OPCW Fact-Finding Mission in Syria Regarding Alleged Incidents in Marea, Syrian Arab Republic, August 2015 29 October 2015
S/1230/2014 Third Report of the OPCW Fact-Finding Mission in Syria 18 December 2014
S/1191/2014/Corr.1 Summary Report of the Work of the OPCW Fact-Finding Mission in Syria Covering the Period from 3 to 31 May 2014 – Corrigendum 1 October 2014
S/1212/2014/Corr.1 Second Report of the OPCW Fact-Finding Mission in Syria Key Findings – Corrigendum 29 September 2014
S/1212/2014 Second Report of the OPCW Fact-Finding Mission in Syria Key Findings 10 September 2014
S/1191/2014 Summary Report of the Work of the OPCW Fact-Finding Mission in Syria Covering the Period from 3 to 31 May 2014 16 June 2014

Updates

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