Evolution of the Status of Participation in the Convention

As at 16 June 2018

Flag

Number of States Parties: 193

Contract

Number of States that had deposited an instrument of accession or ratification and for which the Chemical Weapons Convention had not yet entered into force: 0

Document

Number of signatory States that had not yet ratified the Convention: 1

The Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production, Stockpiling and Use of Chemical Weapons and on their Destruction (hereinafter “the Convention”) was adopted in Geneva on 3 September 1992 by the Conference on Disarmament,1 which transmitted it to the United Nations General Assembly at its Forty-Seventh Session. The General Assembly commended the Convention and requested the United Nations Secretary-General, as Depositary, to open it for signature in Paris on 13 January 1993.

The Convention remained open for signature in Paris from 13 to 15 January 1993 and, thereafter, at United Nations Headquarters, New York, until 29 April 1997, when it entered into force. States that did not sign the Convention before entry into force may accede to it at any time thereafter.

For States that ratify or accede to the Convention after 29 April 1997, it enters into force on the 30th day following the date on which they deposit their instrument of ratification or accession with the United Nations Secretary-General in his capacity as Depositary.

The first table shows all States Parties as at 16 June 2018 and indicates, for each State Party, as at that date, the dates on which it signed the Convention and/or deposited its instrument of ratification, accession, or succession with the Depositary, and on which the Convention entered into force for it. The second table lists signatory States that had not ratified the Convention as at 16 June 2018. All lists are alphabetical.

States Parties to the Chemical Weapons Convention as at 16 June 2018

State Party

Dates

Signature

Deposit

Entry into Force

Afghanistan

14-01-93

24-09-03

24-10-03

Albania

14-01-93

11-05-94

29-04-97

Algeria

13-01-93

14-08-95

29-04-97

Andorra

 

27-02-03[a]

29-03-03

Angola

 

16-09-15[a]

16-10-15

Antigua and Barbuda

 

29-08-05[a]

28-09-05

Argentina

13-01-93

02-10-95

29-04-97

Armenia

19-03-93

27-01-95

29-04-97

Australia

13-01-93

06-05-94

29-04-97

Austria

13-01-93

17-08-95

29-04-97

Azerbaijan

13-01-93

29-02-00

30-03-00

Bahamas

02-03-94

21-04-09

21-05-09

Bahrain

24-02-93

28-04-97

29-04-97

Bangladesh

14-01-93

25-04-97

29-04-97

Barbados

 

07-03-07[a]

06-04-07

Belarus

14-01-93

11-07-96

29-04-97

Belgium

13-01-93

27-01-97

29-04-97

Belize

 

01-12-03[a]

31-12-03

Benin

14-01-93

14-05-98

13-06-98

Bhutan

24-04-97

18-08-05

17-09-05

Bolivia (Plurinational State of)

14-01-93

14-08-98

13-09-98

Bosnia and Herzegovina

16-01-97

25-02-97

29-04-97

Botswana

 

31-08-98[a]

30-09-98

Brazil

13-01-93

13-03-96

29-04-97

Brunei Darussalam

13-01-93

28-07-97

27-08-97

Bulgaria

13-01-93

10-08-94

29-04-97

Burkina Faso

14-01-93

08-07-97

07-08-97

Burundi

15-01-93

04-09-98

04-10-98

Cabo Verde

15-01-93

10-10-03

09-11-03

Cambodia

15-01-93

19-07-05

18-08-05

Cameroon

14-01-93

16-09-96

29-04-97

Canada

13-01-93

26-09-95

29-04-97

Central African Republic

14-01-93

20-09-06

20-10-06

Chad

11-10-94

13-02-04

14-03-04

Chile

14-01-93

12-07-96

29-04-97

China

13-01-93

25-04-97

29-04-97

Colombia

13-01-93

05-04-00

05-05-00

Comoros

13-01-93

18-08-06

17-09-06

Congo

15-01-93

04-12-07

03-01-08

Cook Islands

14-01-93

15-07-94

29-04-97

Costa Rica

14-01-93

31-05-96

29-04-97

Côte d’Ivoire

13-01-93

18-12-95

29-04-97

Croatia

13-01-93

23-05-95

29-04-97

Cuba

13-01-93

29-04-97

29-05-97

Cyprus

13-01-93

28-08-98

27-09-98

Czech Republic

14-01-93

06-03-96

29-04-97

Democratic Republic of the Congo

14-01-93

12-10-05

11-11-05

Denmark

14-01-93

13-07-95

29-04-97

Djibouti

28-09-93

25-01-06

24-02-06

Dominica

02-08-93

12-02-01

14-03-01

Dominican Republic

13-01-93

27-03-09

26-04-09

Ecuador

14-01-93

06-09-95

29-04-97

El Salvador

14-01-93

30-10-95

29-04-97

Equatorial Guinea

14-01-93

25-04-97

29-04-97

Eritrea

 

14-02-00[a]

15-03-00

Estonia

14-01-93

26-05-99

25-06-99

Ethiopia

14-01-93

13-05-96

29-04-97

Fiji

14-01-93

20-01-93

29-04-97

Finland

14-01-93

07-02-95

29-04-97

France

13-01-93

02-03-95

29-04-97

Gabon

13-01-93

08-09-00

08-10-00

Gambia

13-01-93

19-05-98

18-06-98

Georgia

14-01-93

27-11-95

29-04-97

Germany

13-01-93

12-08-94

29-04-97

Ghana

14-01-93

09-07-97

08-08-97

Greece

13-01-93

22-12-94

29-04-97

Grenada

09-04-97

03-06-05

03-07-05

Guatemala

14-01-93

12-02-03

14-03-03

Guinea

14-01-93

09-06-97

09-07-97

Guinea-Bissau

14-01-93

20-05-08

19-06-08

Guyana

06-10-93

12-09-97

12-10-97

Haiti

14-01-93

22-02-06

24-03-06

Holy See

14-01-93

12-05-99

11-06-99

Honduras

13-01-93

29-08-05

28-09-05

Hungary

13-01-93

31-10-96

29-04-97

Iceland

13-01-93

28-04-97

29-04-97

India

14-01-93

03-09-96

29-04-97

Indonesia

13-01-93

12-11-98

12-12-98

Iran (Islamic Republic of)

13-01-93

03-11-97

03-12-97

Iraq

 

13-01-09[a]

12-02-09

Ireland

14-01-93

24-06-96

29-04-97

Italy

13-01-93

08-12-95

29-04-97

Jamaica

18-04-97

08-09-00

08-10-00

Japan

13-01-93

15-09-95

29-04-97

Jordan

 

29-10-97[a]

28-11-97

Kazakhstan

14-01-93

23-03-00

22-04-00

Kenya

15-01-93

25-04-97

29-04-97

Kiribati

 

07-09-00[a]

07-10-00

Kuwait

27-01-93

29-05-97

28-06-97

Kyrgyzstan

22-02-93

29-09-03

29-10-03

Lao People’s Democratic Republic

13-05-93

25-02-97

29-04-97

Latvia

06-05-93

23-07-96

29-04-97

Lebanon

 

20-11-08[a]

20-12-08

Lesotho

07-12-94

07-12-94

29-04-97

Liberia

15-01-93

23-02-06

25-03-06

Libya

 

06-01-04[a]

05-02-04

Liechtenstein

21-07-93

24-11-99

24-12-99

Lithuania

13-01-93

15-04-98

15-05-98

Luxembourg

13-01-93

15-04-97

29-04-97

Madagascar

15-01-93

20-10-04

19-11-04

Malawi

14-01-93

11-06-98

11-07-98

Malaysia

13-01-93

20-04-00

20-05-00

Maldives

04-10-93

31-05-94

29-04-97

Mali

13-01-93

28-04-97

29-04-97

Malta

13-01-93

28-04-97

29-04-97

Marshall Islands

13-01-93

19-05-04

18-06-04

Mauritania

13-01-93

09-02-98

11-03-98

Mauritius

14-01-93

09-02-93

29-04-97

Mexico

13-01-93

29-08-94

29-04-97

Micronesia (Federated States of)

13-01-93

21-06-99

21-07-99

Monaco

13-01-93

01-06-95

29-04-97

Mongolia

14-01-93

17-01-95

29-04-97

Montenegro

 

23-10-06[d]

03-06-06

Morocco

13-01-93

28-12-95

29-04-97

Mozambique

 

15-08-00[a]

14-09-00

Myanmar

14-01-93

08-07-15

07-08-15

Namibia

13-01-93

24-11-95

29-04-97

Nauru

13-01-93

12-11-01

12-12-01

Nepal

19-01-93

18-11-97

18-12-97

Netherlands

14-01-93

30-06-95

29-04-97

New Zealand

14-01-93

15-07-96

29-04-97

Nicaragua

09-03-93

05-11-99

05-12-99

Niger

14-01-93

09-04-97

29-04-97

Nigeria

13-01-93

20-05-99

19-06-99

Niue

 

21-04-05[a]

21-05-05

Norway

13-01-93

07-04-94

29-04-97

Oman

02-02-93

08-02-95

29-04-97

Pakistan

13-01-93

28-10-97

27-11-97

Palau

 

03-02-03[a]

05-03-03

Panama

16-06-93

07-10-98

06-11-98

Papua New Guinea

14-01-93

17-04-96

29-04-97

Paraguay

14-01-93

01-12-94

29-04-97

Peru

14-01-93

20-07-95

29-04-97

Philippines

13-01-93

11-12-96

29-04-97

Poland

13-01-93

23-08-95

29-04-97

Portugal

13-01-93

10-09-96

29-04-97

Qatar

01-02-93

03-09-97

03-10-97

Republic of Korea

14-01-93

28-04-97

29-04-97

Republic of Moldova

13-01-93

08-07-96

29-04-97

Romania

13-01-93

15-02-95

29-04-97

Russian Federation

13-01-93

05-11-97

05-12-97

Rwanda

17-05-93

31-03-04

30-04-04

Saint Kitts and Nevis

16-03-94

21-05-04

20-06-04

Saint Lucia

29-03-93

09-04-97

29-04-97

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

20-09-93

18-09-02

18-10-02

Samoa

14-01-93

27-09-02

27-10-02

San Marino

13-01-93

10-12-99

09-01-00

Sao Tome and Principe

 

09-09-03[A]

09-10-03

Saudi Arabia

20-01-93

09-08-96

29-04-97

Senegal

13-01-93

20-07-98

19-08-98

Serbia

 

20-04-00[a]

20-05-00

Seychelles

15-01-93

07-04-93

29-04-97

Sierra Leone

15-01-93

30-09-04

30-10-04

Singapore

14-01-93

21-05-97

20-06-97

Slovakia

14-01-93

27-10-95

29-04-97

Slovenia

14-01-93

11-06-97

11-07-97

Solomon Islands

 

23-09-04[a]

23-10-04

Somalia

 

29-05-13[a]

28-06-13

South Africa

14-01-93

13-09-95

29-04-97

Spain

13-01-93

03-08-94

29-04-97

Sri Lanka

14-01-93

19-08-94

29-04-97

State of Palestine

 

17-05-18[a]

16-06-18

Sudan

 

24-05-99[a]

23-06-99

Suriname

28-04-97

28-04-97

29-04-97

Swaziland

23-09-93

20-11-96

29-04-97

Sweden

13-01-93

17-06-93

29-04-97

Switzerland

14-01-93

10-03-95

29-04-97

Syrian Arab Republic

 

14-09-13[a]

14-10-13

Tajikistan

14-01-93

11-01-95

29-04-97

Thailand

14-01-93

10-12-02

09-01-03

The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

 

20-06-97[a]

20-07-97

Timor-Leste

 

07-05-03[a]

06-06-03

Togo

13-01-93

23-04-97

29-04-97

Tonga

 

29-05-03[a]

28-06-03

Trinidad and Tobago

 

24-06-97[a]

24-07-97

Tunisia

13-01-93

15-04-97

29-04-97

Turkey

14-01-93

12-05-97

11-06-97

Turkmenistan

12-10-93

29-09-94

29-04-97

Tuvalu

 

19-01-04[a]

18-02-04

Uganda

14-01-93

30-11-01

30-12-01

Ukraine

13-01-93

16-10-98

15-11-98

United Arab Emirates

02-02-93

28-11-00

28-12-00

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

13-01-93

13-05-96

29-04-97

United Republic of Tanzania

25-02-94

25-06-98

25-07-98

United States of America

13-01-93

25-04-97

29-04-97

Uruguay

15-01-93

06-10-94

29-04-97

Uzbekistan

24-11-95

23-07-96

29-04-97

Vanuatu

 

16-09-05[a]

16-10-05

Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)

14-01-93

03-12-97

02-01-98

Viet Nam

13-01-93

30-09-98

30-10-98

Yemen

08-02-93

02-10-00

01-11-00

Zambia

13-01-93

09-02-01

11-03-01

Zimbabwe

13-01-93

25-04-97

29-04-97

Signatory States that had not ratified the Chemical Weapons Convention as at 16 June 2018

State

Date of Signature

Israel

13-01-93

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