The Chemical Weapons Convention Enters Into Force in Libya

Monday, 02 February 2004
Libya announced its renunciation of all weapons of mass destruction, including chemical weapons, on 18 December 2003. Subsequently, the Libyan Government deposited its instrument of accession to the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) with the United Nations on 6 January 2004. As foreseen by the Convention, thirty days later, on 5 February 2004, the CWC will enter into force for Libya and the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) will be legally empowered on that day to begin the on-site verification of Libya’s compliance with the chemical weapons ban.

From 5 February 2004, Libya will begin to meet in full its obligations under this international disarmament and nonproliferation treaty. In response to the Libyan Government’s request for technical support, an OPCW team of experts will be working closely with Libyan officials to ensure the effective and comprehensive implementation of the chemical weapons ban.

 

As foreseen by the CWC, Libya’s obligations under the Convention include: establishing a National Authority and points of entry to facilitate, among other administrative duties, the requisite chemical weapons-related & industrial inspections; drafting and enacting national legislation to implement the Convention and make any breach of the Convention committed on the territory of Libya or by a Libyan national a crime punishable under domestic law.

 

The OPCW’s international inspectors will be verifying on-site Libya’s compliance with the CWC’s disarmament and non-proliferation obligations, including:

 

° Verifying Libya’s comprehensive initial declaration of any chemical weapons, past and present chemical weapons-related activities, as well as of any industrial activities or sites, subject to reporting;

 

° Inactivating, and subsequently eliminating any chemical weapons production capacity;

 

° Securing any chemical weapons prior to their destruction;

 

° Destroying any chemical weapons;

 

° Ensuring the non-diversion of chemicals for activities prohibited under the Convention, as well as reporting any transfers and abiding by transfer restrictions of CWC-listed chemicals.

 

The OPCW welcomes Libya’s sovereign and voluntary decision to join the other 158 States party to the Chemical Weapons Convention as a positive step that significantly enhances its own national, as well regional and collective security. Libya will enjoy as a Member State of the OPCW the collective protection against chemical weapons afforded by the Convention.

 

OPCW Director-General Rogelio Pfirter commented upon the expected entry into force of the Convention in Libya, noting, “Libya’s historic initiative is a decision of signal importance, which, hopefully, will serve to guide and encourage other States to follow suit. The OPCW stands ready to provide any assistance and support necessary to ensure that the chemical weapons ban is fully implemented in Libya and globally. This treaty benefits all States and this Organisation will spare no effort to include every State under its protection."

03/2004


Categories: Africa, Universality

For further information, please contact OPCW Public Affairs. +31 (0) 70 416 3242, public.affairs@opcw.org | ORGANISATION FOR THE PROHIBITION OF CHEMICAL WEAPONS, Johan de Wittlaan 32, 2517 JR The Hague, The Netherlands

Follow OPCW on Facebook and Twitter.

More news

OPCW and International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry Take Partnership to New Level

The Director-General of the Organisation for the Prohibition for Chemical Weapons (OPCW),  Ambassador Ahmet Üzümcü, and the President of the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC), Professor Natalia...01 December 2016Full story

Chemical Industry Councils and Scientific Societies Condemn Use of Chlorine as Weapon

The International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) and more than 40 international and national scientific chemical societies from Africa, Europe, the Middle East, and North America have condemned recently the use of...29 November 2016Full story

Conference of the States Parties Convenes to Set Course for OPCW in 2017

The need to uphold the norm against the use of chemical weapons by anyone under any circumstances was the fundamental message from the opening day of the Twenty-First Session of the Conference of the States Parties (CSP) to the...28 November 2016Full story

H.E. Mr Htin Lynn (Myanmar)

H.E. Mr Htin Lynn, Permanent Representative of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar to the OPCW, presented his credentials to the Director-General on 28 November 2016.28 November 2016Full story

Afghanistan’s Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs Visits OPCW

The Director-General of the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW), Ambassador Ahmet Üzümcü, and the Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, H.E. Mr Hekmat Khalil Karzai,...24 November 2016Full story

States Enhance their Chemical Response and Protection Capabilities through OPCW Training

The emergency response and protection capabilities of 18 States Parties to the Chemical Weapons Convention received a substantial boost, as a new cluster of first responders wrapped up training at the 6th International Advanced...23 November 2016Full story

Statement from the OPCW Spokesperson in Response to Media Inquiries About the Russian Federation’s Offer to Provide Samples and Other Material

The Organisation for the Prohibition for Chemical Weapons (OPCW) recently received an offer from Russian authorities to provide some samples and other material in relation to an incident of alleged use of chemicals as weapons in...22 November 2016Full story

France’s Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Development Visits OPCW

The Director-General of the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW), Ambassador Ahmet Üzümcü, and the Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Development of France, H.E. Mr Jean-Marc Ayrault, reaffirmed...21 November 2016Full story

H.E. Mrs Rosa Batoréu (Portugal)

H.E. Mrs Rosa Batoréu, Permanent Representative of the Portuguese Republic to the OPCW, presented her credentials to the Director-General on 21 November 2016.21 November 2016Full story

Peaceful Development and Use of Chemistry Takes Centre Stage at Seoul Workshop

Advancement of key chemical safety and security capacities were at the core of the Fifth Workshop on Peaceful Development and Use of Chemistry, carried out by the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) in...18 November 2016Full story

Displaying 1 to 10 of 1707
<< First < Previous 1-10 11-20 21-30 31-40 41-50 51-60 61-70 Next > Last >>