Iraq Joins the Chemical Weapons Convention

Wednesday, 14 January 2009
The government of Iraq has deposited its instrument of accession to the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) with the Secretary General of the United Nations and within 30 days, on 12 February 2009, will become the 186th State Party to the Convention

The Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) is the implementing body for the Convention. The OPCW Director-General, Ambassador Rogelio Pfirter, welcomed Iraq’s decision as a significant step to strengthen global and regional efforts to prevent the spread and use of chemical weapons. 

“Iraq’s accession draws us closer to the Convention’s goal of the universal ban on chemical weapons, and we call upon those nine States that have not yet adhered to the Convention to do so without delay,” Ambassador Pfirter said.

The Convention aims to eliminate an entire category of weapons of mass destruction by prohibiting the development, production, acquisition, stockpiling, retention, transfer or use of chemical weapons by States Parties. States Parties, in turn, must take the steps necessary to enforce that prohibition within their jurisdiction. All States Parties to the Convention are obliged to declare and destroy any stockpiles of chemical weapons they may hold and any facilities which produced them, as well as any chemical weapons they abandoned on the territory of other States Parties in the past.

All States Parties declare to the OPCW the extent of specific activities which could pose a risk to the object and purpose of the Convention. These activities are then subject to international verification and monitoring by the OPCW Secretariat, primarily through inspections, to ensure non-proliferation. States Parties also agree to abide by a verification regime for certain toxic chemicals and their precursors in order to ensure that such chemicals are only used for purposes not prohibited.

Iraq will now be eligible to benefit from the OPCW’s international cooperation and assistance programmes, which provide support in drafting and enacting the legislation necessary to implement the Convention at the national level. This legislation enables States Parties to detect, prosecute and punish any breach of the chemical weapons ban committed on their territory or by their nationals anywhere in the world.

In addition, the Organisation provides support in the practical implementation of the Convention’s stipulations, in particular, the establishment of an effective National Authority to facilitate annual declarations and OPCW inspections, as well as monitoring chemical transfers and maintaining relevant chemical transfer restrictions. Member States also receive training and may draw upon the Organisation’s expertise to enhance their national civil protection in the event of a chemical weapons attack or the threat of such an attack.


For further information, please contact OPCW Public Affairs. +31 (0) 70 416 3242, public.affairs@opcw.org | ORGANISATION FOR THE PROHIBITION OF CHEMICAL WEAPONS, Johan de Wittlaan 32, 2517 JR The Hague, The Netherlands

Follow OPCW on Facebook and Twitter.

More news

OPCW Fact-Finding Mission Visits Second Site in Douma, Syria

THE HAGUE, Netherlands — 25 April 2018 — The Fact-Finding Mission (FFM) deployed to Damascus on 14 April 2018 to gather facts in connection with the reported use of chemical weapons in Douma, Syrian Arab Republic on 7 April 2018....25 April 2018Full story

H.E. Ms Eksiri Pintaruchi (Thailand)

H.E. Ms Eksiri Pintaruchi, Permanent Representative of the Kingdom of Thailand to the OPCW, presented her credentials to the Director-General on 25 April 2018.25 April 2018Full story

OPCW Fact-Finding Mission Team Visits Douma, Syria

THE HAGUE, Netherlands — 21 April 2018 —The Fact-Finding Mission (FFM) team of the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) visited one of the sites in Douma, Syrian Arab Republic today to collect samples for...21 April 2018Full story

First Responders from Asia Enhance Chemical Emergency Response Capabilities

THE HAGUE, Netherlands — 20 April 2018 — First Responders from Asia enhanced their capabilities in emergency response to chemical incidents during a regional basic training course held in Kathmandu, Nepal from 9-13 April. The...20 April 2018Full story

Experts from Asia Share Best Practices on Chemical Safety and Security Management

THE HAGUE, Netherlands – 20 April 2018 – Experts from the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) Asian Member States shared their knowledge and fortified their skills in a Workshop on Needs Assessment and...20 April 2018Full story

OPCW Helps Build Capacity of National Authorities for Effective Implementation of Chemical Weapons Convention

THE HAGUE, Netherlands — 20 April 2018 — Representatives of National Authorities and other institutions improved their knowledge and capacity to work together to implement the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC), during a training...20 April 2018Full story

Media Alert: Update on the Deployment of the OPCW Fact-Finding Mission to Douma, Syria

Update by the Director-General on the Deployment of the OPCW Fact-Finding Mission to Douma, Syrian Arab Republic, to the Executive Council at its Fifty-Ninth Meeting. On Monday, I advised the Council on the work being undertaken...18 April 2018Full story

Media Alert: OPCW's Director-General's Update to the 59th Executive Council Meeting on Salisbury Incident

The Director-General of the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW), Ambassador Ahmet Üzümcü, updated the OPCW Executive Council about the Salisbury incident at its 59th meeting. On 4 April I updated the...18 April 2018Full story

Brunei Moves Closer to Enacting National Legislation on the Chemical Weapons Convention

THE HAGUE, Netherlands - 17 April 2018 – Brunei Darussalam made further progress in its implementation of the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) by creating a plan to establish a National Authority and draft implementing...17 April 2018Full story

OPCW Director-General’s Statement on the 58th Executive Council Meeting on Syria

The OPCW Executive Council met today to discuss the allegations about the use of chemical weapons in Douma, Syrian Arab Republic on Saturday 7 April 2018. The Director-General welcomes that all Delegations that took the floor...16 April 2018Full story

Displaying 1 to 10 of 1892
<< First < Previous 1-10 11-20 21-30 31-40 41-50 51-60 61-70 Next > Last >>