Non-proliferation

Photo of a chemical plant.
Chemical plant.

Non-proliferation of chemical weapons or their precursors is one of the fundamental tenets of the Chemical Weapons Convention.  This is embodied in Article I of the Convention; paragraph 1 of that Article states (inter alia): "Each State Party to this Convention undertakes never under any circumstances: (...) (d) To assist, encourage or induce, in any way, anyone to engage in any activity prohibited to a State Party under this Convention."

In the context of the chemical industry, the Convention addresses this aspect in Article VI.  Paragraph 2 of Article VI states: "Each State Party shall adopt the necessary measures to ensure that toxic chemicals and their precursors are only developed, produced, otherwise acquired, retained, transferred, or used within its territory or in any other place under its jurisdiction or control for purposes not prohibited under this Convention.  To this end, and in order to verify that activities are in accordance with obligations under this Convention, each State Party shall subject toxic chemicals and their precursors listed in Schedules 1, 2 and 3 of the Annex on Chemicals, facilities related to such chemicals, and other facilities as specified in the Verification Annex, that are located on its territory or in any other place under its jurisdiction or control, to verification measures as provided in the Verification Annex."

Select a link to learn more:

Declarations Adviser
A list of documents and tools to facilitate the efforts of National Authorities.
Controlled Chemicals
An overview of the chemical compounds and schedules specified in the Convention.
The Verification Process
An overview of the verification process and its purpose.
International Transfer of Scheduled Chemicals
A description of the international transfer of scheduled chemicals under the Convention.
Harmonised System
An overview of the Harmonized Commodity Description and Coding Systems.
Related Documents
Documents related to non-proliferation.

Relevant CWC Provisions

  • Activities Not Prohibited under this Convention (Article VI)
  • Activities Not Prohibited under this Convention in Accordance with Article VI (Part VI, VII, VIII, IX Verification Annex)