Demilitarisation

Inventory of artillery munitions
Inventory of artillery munitions.

The most important obligation under the Convention is the destruction of chemical weapons. This obligation is also the most expensive aspect of the Convention’s implementation.

Most of the destruction costs are generated by the investment in state-of-the-art technology to ensure that the risk to people and to the environment is kept to a minimum at every stage in the transportation and destruction of munitions, as well as during the removal and destruction of chemical agents. Destruction, therefore, has to be carried out at highly specialised facilities.

The OPCW verifies that the destruction process is irreversible. At the same time, States Parties in the process of destroying chemical weapons are obliged to place the highest priority on the safety of people and on protecting the environment.

Select a link to learn more:

Destruction of Chemical Weapons
An overview of OPCW's role in destroying Chemical Weapons.
Chemical Weapons
A description of different types of Chemical Weapons.
Destruction Timelines
An indication of the destruction timelines set by the Convention.
Destruction Technologies
A review of the main destruction technologies.
Environmental Concerns and Provisions
An overview of the main environmental concerns.
Related Documents
Documents related to chemical demilitarisation.

Related News

List of links to recent news related to chemical demilitarisation.

Relevant CWC Provisions

  • Destruction of Chemical Weapons and its Verification Pursuant to Article IV (Part IV (A))
  • Old Chemical Weapons and Abandoned Chemical Weapons (Part IV (B))